What is Myopia?
Myopia is a Common eye condition where the eyeball is too long or the
cornea has too much Curvature. This causes light rays to focus in front of the retina
instead of directly on it, resulting in blurred vision for distant objects. Myopia is a widespread
condition globally, particularly in urban areas and among younger populations, its prevalence
has been increasing significantly in recent decades, especially in East Asia.
What are the causes of Myopia:
Myopia Can be influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Spending more time indoors, engaging. in near-work activities (like reading & using electronic devices), and limited exposure to natural Outdoor light are associated with a higher risk of developing myopia.
What are the symptoms of Myopia:
The primary Symptoms of myopia are difficulty seeing distant objects clearly while being able to see nearby objects clearly, other symptoms may include eye strain, headaches, and Squinting.
What is the diagnosis of Myopia:
Myopia is typically diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination by an Optometrist or ophthalmologist. This examination may include visual acuity tests, refraction assessments, and examination of the eye’s Structures.
The degree of myopia-
Myopia can range from mild to severe, depending on the degree of refractive error. Mild myopia may only require vision correction for Certain activities, while severe myopia Can significantly impair vision without Correction.
What are the complications of Myopia:
High myopia (Severe nearsightedness) is associated with an increased risk of certain eye Complications, Such as retinal detachment, glaucoma, Cataracts, and myopic maculopathy, which can lead to vision loss if left untreated.
What is the Management of Myopia:
Myopia Can be managed through various means, including Corrective lenses (eyeglasses & Contact lenses), refractive Surgny (such as (LASIK or PRK), and orthokeratology (the use of specially designed Contact lenses to reshape the cornea overnight).
What are the control strategies of Myopia:
Strategies to slow the progression of myopia in children and adolescents include outdoor activities to increase exposure to natural light, minimizing near-work activities, using Specially designed multifocal contact lenses or orthokeratology lenses, and Pharmacological treatments like atropine eye drops.
Impact on Quality of Life:
Myopia can impact a person’s quality of Life, affecting their ability to perform daily activities, participate in Sports or recreational activities, and even affect their self-esteem and social interactions. Early detection and appropriate management are Crucial for minimizing the impact of myopia on one’s life.
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)
Myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness, is a refractive error where close objects are seen clearly, but distant objects appear blurry. It occurs when the eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much curvature.
Myopia is a global concern, with a significant increase in prevalence. It often develops during childhood and tends to progress until the late teens.
Common symptoms include blurry distance vision, eye strain, headaches, squinting, and difficulty seeing clearly while driving or participating in sports.
While it may not be entirely preventable, measures such as spending time outdoors, taking breaks from close work, and maintaining good lighting can help reduce the risk of myopia development.
Myopia is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination, including a refraction test. The test determines the degree of myopia and the prescription needed for corrective lenses.
Myopia often progresses during childhood and adolescence. Regular eye exams are crucial to monitor changes and adjust corrective prescriptions as needed.
There is a genetic component to myopia, and individuals with myopic parents are more likely to develop myopia themselves. However, environmental factors also play a role.
Extended periods of near work, such as reading or screen time, may contribute to myopia progression. Balancing close work with outdoor activities and taking regular breaks can be beneficial.
High myopia increases the risk of eye conditions such as retinal detachment, glaucoma, and cataracts. Regular eye check-ups are essential to detect and manage potential complications. If you have specific concerns about Diabetic Retinopathy or your overall eye health, contact us now.